Ban the Box Laws by Jurisdiction

Ban the Box and Fair Chance legislation is sweeping the nation, with numerous states, cities and counties enacting their own version of a law. These laws typically restrict when and if an employer is allowed to ask candidates about prior criminal history during the hiring process. While each state and local law has its own nuances, the basic principle remains the same. This interactive map has been designed to help employers better understand ban-the-box laws and help them determine when they can inquire into and use an applicant’s criminal history for employment purposes. This map is geared specifically toward private employers only.

Ban the Box and Fair Chance Hiring Laws

The chart below describes “Ban-the-Box” and Fair Chance hiring laws for private employers by jurisdiction. For more information on an individual jurisdiction’s law, click the link in the jurisdiction’s name. The below chart is for information purposes only and should not be construed as legal advice.

Ban the Box Jurisdictions by State

Applies to Private Employers

State / Jurisdiction
When Employers May Ask
Effective/Modified Date
After conditional offer of employment
Jan. 1, 2018
After initial interview or conditional offer
Jan. 22, 2017
After initial interview or conditional offer
Oct. 01, 2018
After initial application
June 24, 2019
After initial application
Jan. 1, 2017
After conditional offer
Dec. 17, 2014
After conditional offer
July 15, 1998
After conditional offer
Sept. 15, 2020
After conditional offer of employment
Jan. 1, 2015
After conditional offer of employment
July 1, 2020
After initial interview
Feb. 29, 2020
After conditional offer
Aug. 13, 2014
After Initial interview
Jan. 1, 2015
Jan. 3, 2015
After initial interview
Oct. 13, 2018
After conditional offer of employment
Jan. 1, 2014
After conditional offer
Dec. 1, 2014
After Initial interview
June 9, 2018
After initial interview
Jan. 1, 2021
After initial interview
Jan. 1, 2020
After Initial interview
March 1, 2015
After initial interview
July 1, 2019
After initial interview
June 10, 2013
After initial interview
Nov. 18, 2014
After conditional offer of employment
Aug. 25, 2020
After initial application
March 3, 2019
After initial interview
Jan. 1, 2016
After conditional offer
July 1, 2016
After conditional offer
March 14, 2016
After Initial interview
Jan. 1, 2014
After conditional offer of employment
March 24, 2016
During the initial interview or after a conditional job offer
July 1, 2017
After conditional offer of employment
Nov. 10, 2018
After initial interview
June 6, 2018
After Initial interview
Nov. 13, 2013
During initial job interview
June 14, 2018

*Please note: Accurate prepared these materials for informational purposes only. These materials are not intended to be comprehensive, and are not a substitute for, and should not be construed as, legal advice. Accurate does not warrant any statements in these materials. Employers should direct questions involving their organization’s compliance with or interpretation or application of laws or regulations and any additional legal requirements that may apply, to their own legal counsel.